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Work with SharePoint Data in Apache Spark Using SQL

Access and process SharePoint Data in Apache Spark using the CData JDBC Driver.

Apache Spark is a fast and general engine for large-scale data processing. When paired with the CData JDBC Driver for SharePoint, Spark can work with live SharePoint data. This article describes how to connect to and query SharePoint data from a Spark shell.

The CData JDBC Driver offers unmatched performance for interacting with live SharePoint data due to optimized data processing built into the driver. When you issue complex SQL queries to SharePoint, the driver pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to SharePoint and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations (often SQL functions and JOIN operations) client-side. With built-in dynamic metadata querying, you can work with and analyze SharePoint data using native data types.

Install the CData JDBC Driver for SharePoint

Download the CData JDBC Driver for SharePoint installer, unzip the package, and run the JAR file to install the driver.

Start a Spark Shell and Connect to SharePoint Data

  1. Open a terminal and start the Spark shell with the CData JDBC Driver for SharePoint JAR file as the jars parameter: $ spark-shell --jars /CData/CData JDBC Driver for SharePoint/lib/cdata.jdbc.sharepoint.jar
  2. With the shell running, you can connect to SharePoint with a JDBC URL and use the SQL Context load() function to read a table.

    Set the URL property to the base SharePoint site or to a sub-site. This allows you to query any lists and other SharePoint entities defined for the site or sub-site.

    The User and Password properties, under the Authentication section, must be set to valid SharePoint user credentials when using SharePoint On-Premise.

    If you are connecting to SharePoint Online, set the SharePointEdition to SHAREPOINTONLINE along with the User and Password connection string properties. For more details on connecting to SharePoint Online, see the "Getting Started" chapter of the help documentation

    Built-in Connection String Designer

    For assistance in constructing the JDBC URL, use the connection string designer built into the SharePoint JDBC Driver. Either double-click the JAR file or execute the jar file from the command-line.

    java -jar cdata.jdbc.sharepoint.jar

    Fill in the connection properties and copy the connection string to the clipboard.

    Configure the connection to SharePoint, using the connection string generated above.

    scala> val sharepoint_df = spark.sqlContext.read.format("jdbc").option("url", "jdbc:sharepoint:User=myuseraccount;Password=mypassword;Auth Scheme=NTLM;URL=http://sharepointserver/mysite;SharePointEdition=SharePointOnPremise;").option("dbtable","MyCustomList").option("driver","cdata.jdbc.sharepoint.SharePointDriver").load()
  3. Once you connect and the data is loaded you will see the table schema displayed.
  4. Register the SharePoint data as a temporary table:

    scala> sharepoint_df.registerTable("mycustomlist")
  5. Perform custom SQL queries against the Data using commands like the one below:

    scala> sharepoint_df.sqlContext.sql("SELECT Name, Revenue FROM MyCustomList WHERE Location = Chapel Hill").collect.foreach(println)

    You will see the results displayed in the console, similar to the following:

Using the CData JDBC Driver for SharePoint in Apache Spark, you are able to perform fast and complex analytics on SharePoint data, combining the power and utility of Spark with your data. Download a free, 30 day trial of any of the 200+ CData JDBC Drivers and get started today.