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Visualize Cosmos DB Data in Tableau

The CData ODBC driver for Cosmos DB enables you integrate Cosmos DB data into Tableau dashboards.

The CData ODBC Driver for Cosmos DB enables you to access live Cosmos DB data in business intelligence tools like Tableau. In this article, you will integrate Cosmos DB data into a dashboard that reflects changes to Cosmos DB data in real time.

The CData ODBC drivers offer unmatched performance for interacting with live Cosmos DB data in Tableau due to optimized data processing built into the driver. When you issue complex SQL queries from Tableau to Cosmos DB, the driver pushes supported SQL operations, like filters and aggregations, directly to Cosmos DB and utilizes the embedded SQL engine to process unsupported operations (often SQL functions and JOIN operations) client-side. With built-in dynamic metadata querying, you can visualize and analyze Cosmos DB data using native Tableau data types.

Connect to Cosmos DB as an ODBC Data Source

If you have not already, first specify connection properties in an ODBC DSN (data source name). This is the last step of the driver installation. You can use the Microsoft ODBC Data Source Administrator to create and configure ODBC DSNs.

To obtain the connection string needed to connect to a Cosmos DB account using the MongoDB API, log in to the Azure Portal, select Azure Cosmos DB, and select your account. In the Settings section, click Connection String.

  • Server: Set this to the Host value. You can specify the port here or in Port.
  • Port: Specify the port number.
  • Database: Set this to the database you want to read from and write to.
  • User: Set this to the username to be used to perform MongoDB authentication to the database.
  • Password: Set this to the user's password.

To access Cosmos DB tables you can use automatic schema discovery or write your own schema definitions. Schemas are defined in .rsd files, which have a simple format that makes them easy to extend. You can also execute free-form queries that are not tied to the schema.

When you configure the DSN, you may also want to set the Max Rows connection property. This will limit the number of rows returned, which is especially helpful for improving performance when designing reports and visualizations.

Add Cosmos DB Data to a Dashboard

  1. Click Connect to Data -> More Servers -> Other Databases (ODBC).
    Select the CData Data Source Name (for example: CData CosmosDB Source).
  2. In the Database menu, select CData.
  3. In the Table box, enter a table name or click New Custom SQL to enter an SQL query. This article retrieves the restaurants table.
  4. Drag the table onto the join area. At this point, you can include multiple tables, leveraging the built-in SQL engine to process complex data requests.
  5. In the Connection menu, select the Live option, so that you skip loading a copy of the data into Tableau and instead work on real-time data. The optimized data processing native to CData ODBC drivers enables unmatched performance in live connectivity.
  6. Click the tab for your worksheet. Columns are listed as Dimensions and Measures, depending on the data type. The CData driver discovers data types automatically, allowing you to leverage the powerful data processing and visualization features of Tableau.
  7. Drop the borough column in the Dimensions pane onto the dashboard. When you select dimensions, Tableau builds a query to the driver. The results are grouped based on that dimension. In Tableau, the raw query is automatically modified as you select dimensions and measures.
  8. Drag the cuisine column in the Measures field onto the Detail and Color buttons. Tableau executes the following query:

    SELECT borough, SUM(cuisine) FROM restaurants GROUP BY borough

    When you select a measure, Tableau executes a command to the driver to calculate a summary function, such as SUM, AVG, etc., on the grouped values. The SQL engine (embedded within the driver) is leveraged to process the aggregation of the data, where needed, providing a seamless experience in Tableau, regardless of the data source.

    To change the summary function, open the cuisine menu and select the summary you want in the Measure command.

  9. You can create other charts using dimensions and measures to build SQL queries visually:

With the CData ODBC Driver for Cosmos DB, you get live connectivity to your Cosmos DB data, allowing you to build real-time charts, graphs, and more.