How to Generate SQL Command Schemas for the CData BizTalk Adapter for USPS

The CData BizTalk Adapter makes it easy to process USPS data in BizTalk by returning the data as XML. You can use this data in a BizTalk orchestration by creating an XML schema file for the table you want to access in BizTalk.

This article will show how to generate a schema to process USPS data retrieved using the CData BizTalk Adapter. You will generate a schema for a SELECT command.

This guide shows how to use the CData BizTalk Adapter for USPS to execute SQL commands to USPS.

Add the Adapter for USPS to Your Project

Follow the steps below to add the adapter to a BizTalk Server project.

  1. If you have not already done so, create a new BizTalk Server project in Visual Studio.
  2. Right-click on the project in the Solution Explorer and click Add -> Add Generated Items.
  3. Select Add Adapter Metadata in the resulting dialog box.
  4. In the resulting Add Adapter wizard, select the adapter from the list.
  5. In the Port menu, leave the selection blank. You can also select a receive location or send port that has the adapter configured as its transport type.

Generate a Schema for an SQL Command

After you select the adapter in the Add Adapter wizard, the Schema wizard is displayed. Follow the steps below to configure connection properties and retrieve the metadata for the results of the command.

  1. In the Connection String page, enter authentication credentials and other connection properties, if you did not select an adapter that you have already configured in your BizTalk application. Below is a typical connection string: PostageProvider=ENDICIA; RequestId=12345; Password='abcdefghijklmnopqr'; AccountNumber='12A3B4C'

    To authenticate with USPS, set the following connection properties.

    • PostageProvider: The postage provider to use to process requests. Available options are ENDICIA and STAMPS. If unspecified, this property will default to ENDICIA.
    • UseSandbox: This controls whether live or test requests are sent to the production or sandbox servers. If set to true, the Password, AccountNumber, and StampsUserId properties are ignored.
    • StampsUserId: This value is used for logging into authentication to the Stamps servers. This value is not applicable for Endicia and is optional if UseSandbox is true.
    • Password: This value is used for logging into Endicia and Stamps servers. If the postage provider is Endicia, this will be the pass phrase associated with your postage account. It is optional if UseSandbox is true.
    • AccountNumber: The shipper's account number. It is optional if UseSandbox is true.
    • PrintLabelLocation: This property is required to use the GenerateLabels or GenerateReturnLabels stored procedures. This should be set to the folder location where generated labels should be stored.

    The Cache Database

    Many of the useful task available from USPS require a lot of data. To ensure this data is easy to input and recall later, utilize a cache database to make requests. Set the cache connection properties in order to use the cache:

    • CacheLocation: The path to the cache location, for which a connection will be configured with the default cache provider. For example, C:\users\username\documents\uspscache

    As an alternative to CacheLocation, set the combination of CacheConnection and CacheProvider to configure a cache connection using a provider separate from the default.

  2. In the General Options section on the next page, Schema Information, select Send Port or Receive Location, depending on the adapter configuration.
  3. If you want to generate the schema for the entire result set, select the Single Message option in the Message Mode menu. If you want to generate one schema for each row in the result set, select the Message Per Row option and confirm that the root element of the message is 'row'.
  4. In the Command Type menu, select SQL Command.
  5. In the SQL Command Text box on the Statement Information page, enter an SQL command. (If you have configured a receive location or send port, the SQL command you configured is entered in the box.) This example uses the query below:

    SELECT FirstName, Phone FROM Senders WHERE SenderID = '25'

  6. Confirm the settings in the summary displayed by the wizard and click Finish to generate the schema.xsd file.

Processing Schemas

To use schemas in a simple BizTalk application, see the tutorial.